Laser in Dentistry
What are the benefits of using lasers in dentistry?
Er, Cr: YSGG (hard laser) removes tissue by air, without contact. For dental corrections are not used drills. Laser air is much less aggressive than drills. In doing so, only the surface layers are removed, only the sick part of the tooth without penetration into healthy tooth tissue. The trend is minimally invasive dentistry, i.e. minimal removal of healthy dental tissue. The laser works on the principle of mini explosions, which occur on the surface of the teeth. It is 50 strokes per second on the surface of the tooth, which the dental nerve fails to register, and almost no pain (most often it does not require anesthesia).
Vibrations that usually disturb the patient in the classical work with classical borer drills absolutely do not exist, and the classic sound of the turbine is replaced by cracking, which produces water for cooling the laser beam. Laser air itself is bactericidal. The fillings, which are positioned after the laser, have a higher binding surface, so they are longer lasting.
When using soft lasers for the treatment of teeth, it is primarily intended to sterilize the root canal in cases of gangrene and endodontic treatments. In relation to mechanical-chemical treatment, the laser is up to 70% more efficient, thus achieving a certain outcome of treatment. It can be used to desensitize the mouth ulcer and herpes simplex. Laser treatment does not accelerate the cure of the mouth sore, but significantly reduces painful sensations, even after the first treatment, stopping herpes and speeding up the healing process.
The durability of the intervention depends on hygienic and eating habits. If a patient uses colored food (cola drinks, red wine, coffee, green tea, etc.), smoking or not maintaining adequate oral hygiene, the effects of bleaching will last considerably shorter. If patients reduce the use of foods with strong pigments and do not use cigarettes, bleaching effects will be seen for several years. Of course, the teeth will slowly darken and "return" to the natural color (the color from which we started). That is why, most often, patients repeat the bleaching procedure once a year, in order to maintain color and shift it to a brighter shade. In smokers this period is significantly shorter. This method is much more demanding in the summer months, because when the skin gets dark from the sun, the effects of a shining and light smile are even better.